Latin Name: Santalum album
Plant Family: Santalaceae
Extraction: Distillation of heartwood & roots
A small, evergreen tree about 9 meters high, it has brown-grey bark, leathery leaves and small pink flowers. The tree has to be over thirty years old before it is ready for the production of essential oil, which is extracted from the heartwood of the tree. The Australian type produces a very similar oil but with a dry-bitter top note. The so-called West Indian Sandalwood or Amyris is a poor substitute and bears no botanical relation to the East Indian type.
Sandalwood is a base note and blends well with, clary sage, citronella, eucalyptus, juniper, cedarwood, pine, lavender, lavandin and rosemary.